Scam

Right here, amongst the real projects, lies this scam. It looks just like the others; it might be one of the others. How do you know this isn’t a real project?

The decentralized world operates with little to no regulatory oversight and whilst such a world might be idyllic on paper it comes with its own issues. Financial regulators exist to stop scammers preying on the weak and vulnerable in the financial world, in the same way security guards are placed in shops to deter shoplifters; but both never stop all of them.

The technological capabilities of blockchain have created barriers to prevent some scams but, just as good people always find ways to improve the world around them, malicious actors will always find ways to take advantage.

If it’s too good to be true… then it (unfortunately) probably isn’t true.

Scammers often target newer member of the crypto community as they’re less likely to smell a scam when they see one. This is why people and platforms are constantly reminding everyone of various security measures to try and help prevent them from falling victim to scammers. Examples of this advice include:

  • Never enter your mnemonic unless you’re recovering a lost wallet
  • Never give out your private keys

DYOR - Do Your Own Research. Is a cornerstone of operating in the crypto space. You can follow someone you trust but, at the end of the day, if they’re wrong the burden isn’t on them; it’s on you.

We have created this listing to show you what scams are like. They’re here. Right here. Right amongst all the other projects swimming about in the big sea of crypto. They often look very similar to legitimate projects and services. They usually act like legitimate projects and services. They very often sound and talk like legitimate projects and services. We have also created this listing to help you inform yourself of what a scam is.

What is A Scam?

There are two main types of scams:

  • Type A: Those trying to gain access to your accounts and take your funds
  • Type B: Those trying to defraud you by making you voluntarily send them your funds

Type A scams will often pretend to be a legitimate entity, such as a wallet provider, a DEX, a hardware wallet company, or anyone other platform you many hold your funds on. These can be thought of as smash-and-grab scams.

They will often pretend to be a member of a customer services team, or maybe of someone higher up the chain of command to give themselves authority. They will tell you that they are "looking out for you"; oh how nice of them! They might ask you for your mnemonic phrase, your password, or try to get to send your funds out of your account to “secure them”.

Just like with anything else your pin code, your safe code, or even you house key, don't hand these details over to someone you don't trust, let alone someone you don't even know. NEVER give anything to do with your funds away to anyone, the companies who's services you use will NEVER contact you in this manner.

Type B scams will act like a legitimate project that is chasing your investment. Often type B scams are noticed through unreasonable high return promises, a lot of fake followers on social media accounts, or a lack of information or clarity on how their project will actually function.

Verify, verify, VERFIY. Always perform your own review of a project, don’t just jump into it because you heard someone say it’s good; even if that someone is a trusted loved one or your best friend; they could’ve been tricked too, no matter how smart they appear to be.

So What Makes a Scam Standout? Red Flags

Here we're focusing on Type B scams, these guys are here to play the long game with you.

Scams are identified by what people call red flags. Some legitimate projects can flick up one or two red flags, although this isn’t too common. Often, scams will tick many of the boxes below (these are not listed in any particular order and all bear similar weight).

  • Anonymous Team or Leadership: Some will chose to stay anonymous for legitimate reasons of concern but more often than not anonymity in who is running or developing the project is a cause for concern.

  • No Team: Simply, if there’s no one running or developing a project then where is it going? A ship can’t run without a crew.

  • Fake Team or Leadership: If the leadership or those apparently developing the project are fake then this project is definitely a scam! These “people” could have fake or dead-end social media links attached to them to try and prove their legitimacy in the hope that you won't click them. There are also website out there to help you check if people are real or not.

  • Poor Content: If a website or whitepaper is littered with grammatical and technical errors it could be a scam; those who care about their project succeeding would fix these things before putting them out there into the world.

  • Missuse of Terminology: If a project is throwing big technical terms or industry buzz words into every sentence then it’s likely a scam. Are these terms and words necessary? If they’re not then BING that’s a red flag.

  • Poor Website: In today’s world a website is a face of a company and if a website is not up to scratch then you should be cautious. If you were presenting yourself or your company online, would you not want to make sure your website was impeccable?

  • No Website: You’re starting a digital platform or using this blockchain technology, which exists entirely on the internet, without creating a website? Smells kinda funny…

  • No Whitepaper: Not having a whitepaper is a giant red flag. Whitepapers tell you what a project is planning on doing, how it plans of getting there and who is crewing that particular ship. Scams can a have whitepaper too, so if a project has a whitepaper it doesn’t mean it’s not a scam they're just trying harder than this guy.

  • Hype: Turn on the hype machine!! Nothing gets people buying into something like a frenzy, an influencer, or a celebrity. If a project is talking a lot but not actually saying anything constructive or backing it up with actions, or if they’re using a celebrity to promote their brand that has no product, then be VERY cautious.

  • Fake Social Media Following: If lots of people are following a project then it must be legit, right? WRONG! Social media followers can be bought by the thousands nowadays for not too much money at all. If a project has a big social media -twitter being the big one in the crypto space- following AND kicks up some other red flags then there’s a big chance that it could be a scam. There are website out there to help you check the legitimacy of social media profiles.

  • Promises of HUGE Returns: Everyone has seen what has happened to Bitcoin’s price in the past 5 year and many people are entering the crypto-verse looking for “the next Bitcoin”. Trying to find the “next Bitcoin” is like digging for Nazi gold in the Sahara desert with a teaspoon; you probably won’t find it. If a project or an individual is promising you 10x, or 100x, or 1000x your input then give them a nod and bid them good day. Trust us. You didn’t miss out on anything and probably saved yourself something in the meantime.

  • Fake Address: No one smart starts a scam and puts their real address on it. Often the address associated with a scam is copied from elsewhere and linked to the wrong company or in the middle of an office complex or industrial estate with no verification that it is the company it says it is.


Remember if it looks like scam, walks like a scam, sounds like a scam then -QUACK!!- it probably is a scam and much more in-depth research is required before you can confirm otherwise; in the meantime stay clear and warn others! Let them do their own research and see if they come to the same conclusions.


We’ve listed known or potential scams in this project. They appear as individual items and in each we’ve said which flags they raised in order for us to put them there. If you are one of the owners of these projects and think you’ve been miss-listed here then please reach out to us. We would love to chat and correct this!


What to Do if You Think Have Been Scammed

When you realize that you’ve been scammed it comes with a terrible, sinking feeling; only the really lucky ones haven’t been there and many of those who say they haven’t probably have. So what are your next steps?

  1. Block the Scammers - Get them out of your life. There’s nothing you can to convince them to “do the right thing” they know what they’re doing and the effect it has on people; they don’t care, and yes they do suck because of it.

  2. Know That This Too Shall Pass - Like with most things, this isn’t the end of the world. If you’re feeling particularly hard hit by it please reach out to a friend or family member who understands; even if that friend is on the internet. Having someone hear you is much, much better than constantly berating yourself in your own echo chamber.

  3. Report the Scam - Tell your friends, tell eveyone! Publicize these disgusting people's actions. Yes this involves own up to being fooled but it's best for everyone if we all look out for each other (sometime you don't even need to say that you got caught if you don't want to). To go along with this here’re multiple website out there that list scams to keep people aware. This website is specific for Cardano based scams and this document contains links to the offical agencies to contact in multiple countries across the world.

  4. Don’t Look for Recovery - This is why we blocked the scammer. Those looking to help you recover your funds are often looking to profiteer from your misfortune. They can’t always be trusted, and such recovery is close to impossible in the real world.

  5. Finally: Learn From the Experience - If life teaches us anything it’s that we learn on every step of the journey. This is just another step along the road, and now you’ve experienced it you will definitely be cautious next time!

Potential Scams

wallet,

GREED Token

Red Flags:

  • Anonymous Team
  • Poor Content
  • Misuse of Terminology
  • Poor Website
  • Hype

Cardano Giveaway

Red Flags:

  • Poor content
  • Promise of HUGE returns
  • Poor website (the name is entirely unrelated to the content)

Here you can triple your amount of ADA by just sending it to their address and they'll simply send you back triple the amount. Simple! Sounds fishy doesn't it? They've also used the face of the CEO of IOHK, the company that created Cardano, to try to legitimize their "giveaway". The transactions listed on the site are also bogus.

Ardadex

Red Flags:

  • Poor content
  • Poor team
  • Fake social media following
wallet,

App Store Wallets

These are VERY POPULAR SCAMS.

Some wallets have been designed as smart phone apps by their developers and have been placed on the applicable app store(s). Some of these may also be available for desktop as computer programs or as browser extensions. Other wallets have only been designed for desktop use, be that as computer programs or browser extensions.

Scammers have long been mimicking wallets that are only available as desktop or browser extensions, creating fake versions of them and uploading them as products to various app stores. The most popular wallet to fake is Daedalus, the official, full node, Cardano wallet from IOHK.

DAEDALUS IS ONLY AVAILABLE AS A DESKTOP PROGRAM AND NOT AS AN APP OR BROWSER EXTENSION.

If you download a fake wallet and enter the mnemonic phrase for an old wallet or create a new wallet and send ADA to it, the chances are that your wallet will immediately be drained by the malicious creator of the “app”. Resulting in the loss of all your ADA. This is why they’re popular, because as soon as you download them the scammer is pretty much guaranteed a return.

The most secure way to download a Cardano wallet as an app for a smart phone is to go to the wallet’s official website on your device and check to see if they have made a version that is compatible with your device. From their website follow the link to the applicable app store for your device and you can be sure that you’re downloading the official version.

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